Suit Names Haslam, Huffman as Defendants
The Tennessee Education Association has filed a second lawsuit challenging the use of TVAAS data for teacher merit pay. This suit, like the one filed last week, was filed in Knox County.
In this case, a science teacher was denied a bonus under the APEX system as a result of TVAAS scores associated with just 16% of the students he teaches.
Here, it seems the principles behind incentive pay didn’t work. That is, proponents of merit pay suggest that teachers will be more motivated to perform if they know there’s a monetary incentive attached to their performance. In this case, the teacher knew his pay was tied to performance in only one of the classes he taught and yet it was the scores in that class that were not high enough on TVAAS to earn him a bonus.
The perverse incentive created by such a system is that a teacher would focus on only a few of his or her students in order to achieve a raise.
In this case, it could be that the teacher wasn’t at his best in this particular class. Or, it could be he treats all his courses the same and the results he achieved in this particular class were good, but not high enough to reach the bonus level.
The challenge of merit pay is that it assumes that if there’s a monetary bonus attached to pay, teachers will work harder than they are. The very premise is insulting because it assumes that teachers aren’t working at their best right now and if only they had a small financial incentive, they’d work a little harder. The facts of this specific case suggest otherwise.
Another takeaway from this case is that the system is not paying teachers based on the totality of their work. This teacher taught other, upper level science courses that were not tested. He didn’t have TVAAS data for those, but there is surely some form of test data that could be used to assess value-added if that’s the desired way to establish performance. That’s not being done, either. Maybe this teacher does an outstanding job in the upper level courses. We don’t know. And, based on the pay structure in place in Knox County, the system sends that message that his performance in those courses is irrelevant to his pay.
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